Chapter 10 - The Coming of the Civil War (1846-1861)

Summary

The middle of the nineteenth century was a time of deep distrust and escalating hostility between the North and the South. Many Americans no longer believed that the federal government could settle their differences, and the Union finally shattered.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Two Nations

In the 1850s, growing numbers of Americans believed that the North and the South were moving in different directions.

Section 1: Constructing a Graph: Census Data

Visit Census Data for 1850 and Census Data for 1860 to research historical census data on agriculture and manufacturing production during those timeframes. Select a topic provided in the lists under agriculture or manufacturing, then select Browse. From the information you gather on the topic you select, create a graph illustrating the data provided for each state. Then, write a brief summary of your findings.

Section 2: Writing a Newspaper Article: The Mexican War and the Annexation of Texas

Using the links below, research a key event from the Mexican War or the annexation of Texas. Then, using the information you have gathered, write a newspaper article describing in detail the event you selected.
PBS Online: U.S. Mexican War
Narrative History of Texas Annexation
Election of 1844
Mexican War
Frémont in the Conquest of California
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Section 3: Analyzing Primary Sources: Acts of Congress and Supreme Court Cases

Select an act of Congress or a Supreme Court case from the sites below. Read the document and analyze its main goals or message. Then, write a thorough summary of your analysis. Make sure to cite wording from the document you have selected.
Compromise of 1850
Dred Scott Documents
Kansas-Nebraska Act

Section 4: Organizing a Debate: Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Using the links below, research the seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Take detailed notes and make sure you study the speaking styles of the candidates as well as the subject matter of each debate. Then, select an issue of the 1850s and with your classmates organize a debate on the issue you selected.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858
The Speeches and Writings of Abraham Lincoln

Section 5: Virtual Field Trip: Political Cartoons

Visit the Political Cartoons of the Lilly Library to view some of the political cartoons drawn during the election of 1860. Select two or three of the cartoons and then write a brief summary of each that describes the images and the political message each cartoon is trying to convey.

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