Chapter 2 - European Colonization of the Americas, 1492-1752

Summary

Each group of Europeans in North America formed a distinct society, and each group disrupted the Native American societies it encountered. By the end of the seventeenth century, the region we still call New England was dominated by a single European group—the English.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Spanish Explorers and Colonies

Between 1492 and 1650, the Spanish built a vast empire that stretched from present-day New Mexico and Texas to Chile, and included Florida and most of the Caribbean.
 
Section 1: Writing History: Spanish Explorers

Using the links below, research accounts of Spanish explorers in North America. Select a specific explorer or an event in which they played a part and then write a brief history of the individual or event you studied.
PBS Online: Conquistadors
PBS Online: The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca
PBS Online: The Journey of Coronado
Latin America & the Conquistadors
Internet Medieval Sourcebook: Exploration and Expansion

Section 2: Jamestown

Hunger, disease, and Native American resistance all contributed to the near failure of the English colony in Virginia. The discovery of tobacco as a cash crop, however, saved the colony.
 
Section 2: Writing an Advertisement: Jamestown

Using the links below, investigate the history of Jamestown and why colonists chose to settle there. Then, create a British newspaper advertisement that would have been used to lure settlers to the colony.
History of Jamestowne
Instructions for the Virginia Colony, 1606
Jamestown Rediscovery
PBS Online: Death at Jamestown

Section 3: The New England Colonies

With both help and resistance from Native Americans, English colonists succeeded in establishing permanent settlements in New England.
 
Section 3: Writing a Newspaper Article: King Philip's War

Using the links below, research the events leading up to and during King Philip's War. Then, write a newspaper article on the war, including perspectives from both sides of the conflict.
King Philip's War: The Causes
King Philip's War, 1675–6
Edward Randolph's Description of King Philip's War

Section 4: The Middle and Southern Colonies

The Middle and Southern Colonies were established by specific groups for a variety of political, economic, and religious reasons.
 
Section 4: Analyzing Primary Sources: Colonial Charters

Using the links below, research the founding charter or grant of a state discussed in this section of the textbook. Select one of the colonies of a state and prepare a summary of how and why the colony was founded, making sure to note any special provisions or other interesting aspects located in its charter or grant.
Colonial Charters, Grants and Related Documents
The Maryland Toleration Act, 1649
James Oglethorpe, Founding Vision for Georgia
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Colonial North America

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