Chapter 4 - The Road to Independence, 1753-1783

Summary

The American Revolution was more than a war for independence. The struggle reflected the development of a unique American identity that was fueled by colonists' personal definitions of democracy and equality. This new consciousness inspired a war that led to independence from Great Britain and the creation of a radically new society.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: The French and Indian War

The war that the colonists fought against the French and Native Americans caused them to rethink their relationship with Britain.

Section 1: Analyzing Primary Sources: French and Indian War

Using the links below, examine documents from the French and Indian War. Select one of the documents and then summarize your research in an essay describing the document you selected.
Albany Plan of Union
Treaty of Paris 1763
Braddock's Defeat

Section 2: Issues Behind the Revolution

The colonists, believing they should not be taxed without representation, protested new British laws.

Section 2: Recreating History: Colonial Broadsides and Pamphlets

Using the links below, examine the broadsides, petitions, and documents used to spread news throughout the colonies. From your research, create a pamphlet declaring your stand on one of the issues you have read about in this section of your textbook.
"No Stamped Paper to Be Had"
An Anonymous Recount of the Boston Massacre
The Royal Proclamation, 1763
The Stamp Act
The Declaration of Rights of the Stamp Act Congress
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: American Independence

Section 3: Ideas Behind the Revolution

New ideas about equality and self-government contributed to the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Section 3: Writing a Biography: Second Continental Congress Delegates

Using the links below, examine the lives of the men who drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence. Select one of the signers who interests you most and then write a one-page biography of the delegate you selected.
Biographies of the Founding Fathers
The Founding Fathers

Section 4: Fighting for Independence

Despite their considerable military weaknesses, the Americans won important battles against the British between 1775 and 1777.

Section 4: Drama Writing: Espionage in the American Revolution

Using the links below, investigate the role of intelligence, such as the use of spies, during the American Revolution. Then, write a one-act play or a series of monologues having to do with the subject.
Intelligence in the War of Independence
Spy Letters of the American Revolution
From the Diary of Albigence Waldo

Section 5: Winning Independence

Americans won their independence by outlasting the British in a long and costly war.

Section 5: Writing a News Article: The Revolutionary War

Using the links below, research the final battles of the Revolutionary War. Then, write a news article, as though you were trying to explain it to American readers in 1781, about the events leading to the British surrender at Yorktown.
Historical Statements
TheVirginia Campaign and the Siege of Yorktown
PBS Online: Yorktown is Won!
Perseverance to Victory

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FRENCHANDINDIANWAR–1754-1763.pptx
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French&IndianWar-Battles.pptx
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