Chapter 8 - The Growth of a National Economy, 1790-1850

Summary

During the first half of the 1800s, expanding markets and thriving industries and businesses transformed American life. This transformation is called the Market Revolution. The change also intensified divisions between the poor and the wealthy, and between those in different regions of the country.
 
Chapter Outline

Section 1: Inventions and Innovations

In the early 1800s, the rise of industry, banking, and transportation helped the United States economy expand rapidly.

Section 1: Writing a Magazine Article: The Erie Canal

Using the links below, research the Erie Canal and write the introduction and outline for a magazine article on the canal's history and impact on America.
The Erie Canal Museum
History of the Erie Canal
The Erie Canal

Section 2: The Northern Section

New technologies helped agriculture prosper in the Old Northwest, while a variety of new industries brought growth—with its benefits and problems—to the Northeast.

Section 2: Making a Poster: Inventions

Using the links below, research the inventions of Cyrus McCormick and John Deere. Then, create a poster that uses words and visual images to illustrate farming methods before and after machinery came into use.
Cyrus Hall McCormick
Cyrus McCormick
John Deere
The Story of John Deere

Section 3: The Southern Section

In the early 1800s, cotton farming became the South's main economic activity, cementing the region's dependence on slave labor.

Section 3: Analyzing Perspectives: Slave Rebellions

Using the links below, research one of the slave rebellions discussed in this section of your textbook. Based on your research, write two newspaper articles on the event, one from a Northern perspective and the other from a Southern perspective.
PBS Online: Nat Turner's Rebellion
"The Confessions of Nat Turner"
Gabriel's Rebellion
The Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
PBS Online: The Vesey Conspiracy

Section 4: The Growth of Nationalism

After the War of 1812, a new nationalism among Americans could be seen in Supreme Court rulings and in federal policies at home and abroad. Nationalism also influenced the growth of new political parties.

Section 4: Participating in Politics: Election of 1824

Using the links below, research one of the candidates of the 1824 election. From the information you gathered, create campaign literature, such as a poster or pamphlet, for the candidate you selected. Be sure to include references to your candidate's political party and to the issues that were critical to his platform.
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
Henry Clay
John Caldwell Calhoun
President Elect 1824

Section 5: The Age of Jackson

Jackson's presidency strengthened the political power of voters and of the West, brought about a more limited government, and revived the two-party system.

Section 5: Holding a Debate: President Andrew Jackson

Using the links below, analyze primary sources from the presidency of Andrew Jackson. Take detailed notes. Then, organize a class debate on whether or not Jackson used his power as chief executive appropriately.
First Inaugural Address
Second Inaugural Address
Veto Message
On President Jackson's Veto of the Bank Bill
President Jackson's Proclamation Regarding Nullification

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